108 THE FATE OF MAN the bursting forth of militant Nationalism we see the universalization of mankind. The awakening of the eastern nations, hitherto considered solely as colonies, is a hard blow at Europe, first of all in the economic sphere. But the colonies have ceased to be the willing objects of capitalistic ex- ploitation. The attitude of the Christian nations of the West toward the non-Christian nations of the East has been anything but Christian. The resultant unpleasant associations have seriously compromised Christianity in the whole world. A few missionaries have demonstrated true heroism and sanctity, but in general it has not been a Christian face or attitude which the West has shown toward the races of the East. And we now have to pay for that mistake. Europe, in so far as she remains Christian, must adopt a Christian attitude toward the East, not that of the exploiter. The white race can no longer play the role of a superior civilizing agent to the coloured races. The peoples of the East, Japanese, Chinese, Indians have begun to adopt Western civilization; they have become materialists, have learned Nationalism from the West. And only in a very small measure have they accepted the light of Christian truth. The old religions of the East are decaying. Even the Hindu, more spiritual by far than the bourgeois and materialist West, is losing his spirituality and becoming civilized.